Harris & Ross are specialists when it comes to joint replacement treatment and rehabilitation.A knee replacement is a surgical operation that entails removing a damaged, worn or unhealthy knee and replacing it with an artificial joint. The surgery aims to improve function and alleviate pain of the damaged knee. It is a common procedure used for people suffering with Osteo-Arthritis.
When is a Knee replacement required?
Usually people will have tried physiotherapy as well as steroid injections to help manage their symptoms. However, when severe knee pain and significantly impaired mobility have such a profound effect on quality of life then it could be time to get your knee replaced.
Osteo-Arthritis is the main cause for a knee replacement. However, other conditions that cause knee damage and may result in a replacement include:
- Knee defects causing pain and associated loss of cartilage
- Death of bone tissue within the knee joint due to poor blood supply (avascular necrosis)
- Major knee injury or trauma
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
What happens in surgery?
The operation involves removing the injured cartilage and bone from the ends of the shin and thighbone, and the kneecap. A prosthetic is then inserted in their place. There are 2 different types of procedure:
- Total Knee Replacement – where both sides of the knee joint are replaced
- Partial Knee Replacement – when half of the knee joint is replaced
Surgeons will use metal alloys or high-grade plastics for the artificial joint depending on preferences.
Harris & Ross offer joint replacement packages which you can learn more about by clicking here.
Pre-operatively it’s important to continue gentle exercise as much as possible. Going into surgery with the muscles around the knee and lower leg as strong as possible is important. Post-operatively rehabilitation will focus on increasing range of motion at the knee as well as increasing muscle strength.
Treatment both pre and post-operatively could involve:
- Gait re-education
- Range of movement exercises
- Muscle Strengthening for all muscles of the lower limb
- Advice regards appropriate exercise
It is important to have realistic expectations with regards to the length of time it takes to recover – it is a marathon not a sprint. Full recovery could take 2 years, with some patients experiencing pain beyond this timeframe.
How long will my new Joint last?
Artificial joints, like our own, wear out over time. Most new knee joints last between 10-15 years. Being overweight or engaging in high impact activities will increase the rate of wear of the joint. Low-level activities and sports such as swimming, biking, golf and walking are more recommended.
To make an appointment for an initial physio assessment at our Wilmslow, Manchester, Altrincham or Wigan clinics, and discuss a treatment plan for your knee issue call Harris & Ross on 0161 832 9000 or click the book now icon below.